While gun control legislation may remain a divisive issue with uncertain outcomes, there are guidelines pertaining to firearms when it comes to homeowners insurance.
Most standard homeowners policies cover rifles and pistols if they're stolen or damaged in a fire, but usually up to a maximum of $2,500, according to Pete Moraga, a spokesperson for the Insurance Information Network of California (IINC). If you have a large collection of guns or ones that are particularly valuable -- perhaps a group of antique sidearms -- then you may have to buy a policy rider to ensure they'll be replaced or that you'll be reimbursed, he says. (See: "Will homeowners insurance cover my gun collection?")
It's much the same process as with other big-money items, such as jewelry and fine art, where you discuss the pieces with an agent and come to a reasonable coverage figure. (See: "Homeowner insurance basics.")
To keep premiums for the standard policy from soaring, the owner may have to show that the rifles and pistols are properly secured in locked gun cases, have trigger locks and, of course, be out of the reach of children, says Michael Barry, a spokesperson for the Insurance Information Institute (III). (See: "Homeowners insurance discounts beyond burglary and fire alarms.")
"It's all about proving to an insurer just how responsible you are when it comes to firearms. It's clear that insurers are more likely to look favorably on the gun owner if they take special precautions to store the weapon and have a gun lock on the gun," Moraga says.
Moraga adds that insurers usually don't bring up firearms when writing a policy. But it's a good idea to tell them up-front if you have any.
"Although insurers may not specifically ask about weapons on their policy questionnaire, because of the higher liability risk of a gun, homeowners should make sure to let their agent or insurance company know," he says. "If an insurer does not know that a homeowner owns a gun and the homeowner files a later claim, the claim may be denied.”
What happens if you accidentally shoot someone or yourself while in the home? The III says your standard policy will cover some or all of the damages, including medical bills, property damage and liability claims, depending on the amount of coverage you have. But the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants says on its 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy website that you may need to buy additional coverage -- such as "sporting firearm insurance," "collector's firearm insurance" or "gun club liability insurance" -- to guarantee you're fully protected.
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