Health insurance for college students and other young adults is easier to find since the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
The ACA requires health insurance companies to allow parents to keep their children on their health coverage until they turn 26. However, there are other ways to get health insurance for young adults and students under 26, too.
Health insurance for students and young adults
Here are seven options to get health coverage for young adults.
Parents’ health insurance
Going or staying on your parents’ health insurance is likely the lowest-cost alternative to get comprehensive health insurance for most Americans.
The ACA lets children stay on their parents’ health plan until the child turns 26. Having a child on the parents’ plan requires them to have a family plan rather than single or couple coverage. So, adding a child may increase health insurance premiums if they’re going from single/couple coverage to family coverage. However, if the parents already have family coverage, adding a child to the plan shouldn’t increase premiums.
People under 26 can stay on their parents' plan after moving out and even after getting married.
Pro: Likely won’t increase parents’ premiums if they have family coverage already.
Con: If you’re going to college or live out of state, the plan may not have providers in the area.
Your employer’s plan
Employers remain the most common way Americans under retirement age get health insurance. You can sign up for a health plan with your employer when you’re first hired, during open enrollment or a special enrollment period. Employers have open enrollment periods each year when employees can change their health insurance and other benefits.
Special enrollment periods are when an employee experiences a qualifying event. These events include getting married and having a child. If you have a special enrollment-qualifying event, contact your employer to find out about health insurance options.
Pro: Comprehensive health insurance coverage.
Con: Coverage can take up a significant portion of your salary if you’re just starting out and not making much money.
College health plan
Colleges also often provide health insurance. These plans may be of interest if you’re going to college outside of your state.
If you’re going to school away from home, check your health insurance’s provider network and see if local providers are part of the plan’s network. If not, you may want to sign up for a college plan while you’re in session.
If you’re going to school outside of the country, your parents’ health plan likely won’t cover you. In that case, you should look at the college plan or check out travel insurance.
Pro: Plans are usually inexpensive and offer a provider network for that area.
Con: College plan’s provider network likely doesn’t include doctors in your home area if your school is in another state.
Individual health insurance and ACA plans
You can get individual health insurance through the ACA exchanges or directly from the insurer outside of the exchanges.
The ACA created exchanges where people can compare individual plans. Those plans are also eligible for government subsidies that help reduce the costs of health insurance.
Your household income must be below 250% of the federal poverty level to qualify for subsidies. That’s about $32,000 for an individual for 2021. ACA plan members with household incomes below 400% of the federal poverty level can also qualify for tax credits to help pay for health insurance.
Pro: Comprehensive benefits and you may qualify for subsidies to help pay for an ACA plan.
Con: Plans can be expensive if you don’t qualify for subsidies.
Catastrophic health plans
People under 30 are eligible for a catastrophic health plan. These plans have low premiums but exorbitant deductibles. You can buy a catastrophic plan through the ACA exchanges.
Deductibles for catastrophic plans are more than $8,000. The plan won’t chip in money to pay for health care services until you reach that amount. Once you reach that level, the plan pays all of the health care costs. You won’t have to pay a copay or coinsurance.
Catastrophic health plans cover the 10 essential health benefits found in ACA plans, including emergency, outpatient, labs, mental health and prescription drugs. You also don't have to pay for preventive services. However, remember that the deductible is much higher than other plans, so you’ll have to pay much more when you need to use health care services until you reach the deductible.
That said, a catastrophic health plan can be a wise choice if you’re young, healthy, don’t take prescription drugs and don’t need more than an annual check-up.
Pro: Low premiums and the plans are a safety net that’s better than not having any insurance.
Con: Out-of-pocket costs can be substantial before you reach the deductible.
Medicaid is a federal/state program that offers comprehensive coverage at free or low costs for those who qualify.
Thirty-eight states expanded Medicaid since the ACA, which opened up Medicaid to millions of more Americans. In those states, people with household incomes at less than 138% are eligible, which is about $18,000 for an individual in 2021.
Medicaid offers the same comprehensive coverage found in Medicare and employer-sponsored health plans. And that comes at little to no cost if you qualify.
Pro: Plans are comprehensive and cost little to nothing depending on income if you qualify.
Con: Fewer providers accept Medicaid than employer-sponsored insurance and Medicare, so you may have trouble finding a provider in your area.
Short-term health plan
Short-term health plans are available in nearly all states. These low-cost plans aren’t technically health insurance since they don’t offer the health coverage found in insurance plans.
Short-term plans don’t usually provide mental health, prescription drug, pregnancy and other standard health insurance coverage. Short-term plans also have large out-of-pocket costs when you need care and can cap coverage.
Another potential barrier is that not all states allow the plans. California, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York forbid short-term plans. Colorado, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maryland, New Mexico, Vermont and Washington limit its length.
Pro: Low premiums.
Con: Limited coverage and substantial out-of-pocket costs.
Having health insurance is critical -- even for those who are young and healthy. One health emergency can put you heavily into debt, which is the last thing you need if you have college loans. Plus, having coverage lets you get preventive care and receive the necessary health care you may need over the year.Health insurance for college students and other young adults is easier to find since the Affordable Care Act (ACA).