Life insurance should replace your income if the unthinkable happens. When figuring out what you need for life insurance coverage, consider your future costs. That includes your mortgage, outstanding bills, children’s college, funeral costs, childcare, and other costs that your loved ones will have. When gauging how much you need, here are some costs to think about:
Once you figure out those costs, you’re able to get a better gauge of what your loved ones will need.
Permanent life insurance provides coverage for life - no matter how long you live. You have coverage as long as you make your premium payments. Permanent life is usually more expensive and offers lower death benefits than term life, but you’re guaranteed that your loved ones will get a death benefit. Permanent life also provides cash value. You can borrow from your policy, but you should only tap into it for a one-time emergency. Your policy will also lose that money, and you’ll get penalized.
Term life insurance offers coverage for limited years and doesn’t have any cash value. Unlike permanent life, you can’t tap into it while you’re alive unless you have a rider, such as a critical illness or chronic disease rider. Those riders let you take out more from your policy to help pay for care. Term life policies could be five years or as much as 30 years. You’ll likely pay more for term life depending on your age and length of the policy.
Final expenses insurance is a lower cost alternative to permanent and term life. As the name suggests, the coverage handles your final expenses, such as the cost of your funeral. The coverage is also known as burial insurance or funeral insurance. You shouldn’t view a final expenses policy as a way to provide for your loved ones in the long run. Instead, it’s merely meant to pay for your funeral and other final expenses.
Life insurance offers a death benefit that helps your loved ones when you die. The two major types of life insurance are permanent and term life insurance. Term life is for a specific number of years. Permanent life guarantees you a death benefit no matter when you die as long as you pay the premiums.
Permanent life insurance offers multiple options. Which type is best for you depends on what you want from your policy and how much flexibility you want. The four types of permanent life insurance are:
Whole life is a type of permanent life insurance. You’re guaranteed a death benefit and the policies have a cash value. That allows you to tap into them if needed. Meanwhile, term life insurance is for a limited number of years, such as 20 or 30 years. Term life is usually more affordable than whole live. However, you may outlive your policy, and the insurer won’t have to pay a death benefit. You could try to convert your term life policy to permanent life as you near the end of the period.
Riders are a way to get additional coverage on term life. Common types of riders are:
These add-ons can help you in ways beyond a death benefit. Riders add to the cost of your policy, but also add additional benefits.
Many term life policies let you convert the entire term policy or a portion to permanent life. The insurer may allow this as you’re approaching the end of your term life. However, insurers also usually limit conversions to people before they turn 65. The later that you convert your term life, the likelier you’ll pay higher premiums.
Finding a loved one’s life insurance policy isn’t always easy. That’s why it’s critical for family members to communicate about policies while they’re still alive. You don’t have to tell your loved ones what they might receive. Just let them know where to find the policy. If you need to find a policy, there are a few avenues:
Return of premium life insurance is a term life policy that gives you back your premiums if you outlive your policy. This coverage is much more expensive than regular term life insurance.However, it offers peace of mind that you’ll get back the money if you outlive your term life policy.
Life insurance companies offer instant approval. These policies don’t require a medical exam. You might not even have to answer questions about your medical history. This coverage could be the only option for someone in poor health. Instant approval term life is more expensive and offers lower payouts than regular term life insurance. So, it’s better to go through a regular life insurance process, but if that’s not possible, instant approval term life is an option.
Group life insurance is coverage you get through an employer or association. Employers may offer coverage for free or for a low premium. Group life insurance is usually not enough coverage, and you lose it when you change jobs. It’s a good idea to get your own permanent life or term life policy even if you get group life coverage.
AD&D insurance pays you and beneficiaries if an accident caused your death or dismemberment. Many companies offer this coverage for free. You shouldn’t think of AD&D insurance as a replacement for life insurance. There are restrictions on when an insurer will pay out. Also, life insurance policies often offer an accidental death rider, which increases the death benefit if you die in an accident.
Smokers pay double or triple what nonsmokers pay for life insurance. Being in poor health also leads to higher premiums and may limit your life insurance options. See more about how smoking and health status affects rates below.
The older you are, the more you’ll likely pay for life insurance. This is especially true for term life insurance. If you’re 30 and take out a 20-year-old policy, you’ll pay much less than someone who’s 50. Gender also influences rates. Men usually pay higher rates because they typically don’t live as long as women, take more risks, and work in more dangerous professions.
How Much Life Insurance Do I Need?
Life insurance costs vary by type of plan, your age, your gender, your health status, and many other factors, including the riders. Some of the costs you have no control over. However, you can work to improve your health and quit smoking. Those actions can help reduce rates. Here are the average term life insurance costs for multiple categories:
|10 Years||20 Years||30 Years|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$270||$352||$514|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$355||$463||$689|
|30-year-old smoker in regular health||$743||$998||$1,591|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$386||$567||$858|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$524||$769||$1,169|
|40-year-old smoker in regular health||$1,261||$1,973||$2,973|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$775||$1,215||$2,064|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$1,054||$1,651||$2,825|
|50-year-old smoker in regular health||$2,708||$4,265||$6,820|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$1,547||$2,889||N/A|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$2,059||$3,860||N/A|
|60-year-old smoker in regular health||$5,384||$9,005||N/A|
|10 Years||20 Years||30 Years|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$318||$421||$640|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$430||$558||$874|
|30-year-old smoker in regular health||$955||$1,284||$2,084|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$435||$646||$1,037|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$605||$886||$1,430|
|40-year-old smoker in regular health||$1,526||$2,397||$3,796|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$932||$1,507||$2,610|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$1,305||$2,043||$3,537|
|50-year-old smoker in regular health||$3,539||$5,631||$8,240|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$2,243||$4,104||N/A|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in regular health||$3,035||$5,524||N/A|
|60-year-old smoker in regular health||$7,963||$13,015||N/A|
|10 Years||20 Years||30 Years|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$427||$568||$905|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$624||$973||$1,467|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$1,346||$2,170||$3,541|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$2,922||$5,572||N/A|
|10 Years||20 Years||30 Years|
|30-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$520||$731||$1,138|
|40-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$744||$1,178||$1,878|
|50-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$1,711||$2,899||$4,880|
|60-year-old nonsmoker in excellent health||$4,242||$7,924||N/A|
You usually start your career and maybe even a family in your 20s. That’s typically not the time to think about mortality -- particularly life insurance. However, buying life insurance is a vital part of a financial plan, no matter your age. There’s not a better time to get coverage than in your 20s and 30s.
About half of those who reach the age of 65 will eventually need long-term care. Whether they can afford that care is questionable. LIMRA recently said that 53% of Americans surveyed are worried about whether they can afford long-term care.
Life insurance isn’t a fun topic for most people. That’s especially true if you’re disabled. People with disabilities may even wonder if they should apply for life insurance. Will they get declined? Will they have to pay much more than others?