You've got deadlines to meet, umpteen calls to return, a complicated project to start -- and, oh yeah, a sheaf of materials to review about next year's health plan options. Ugh!
Welcome to the annual open enrollment season. Although an employer's benefits package is top priority when you're job hunting, selecting a health plan often sinks to the bottom of the pile once you're working.
"Many people go through open enrollment like they're in a coma," says Bill Jesserer, co-founder and principal of HealthKeys, a wellness incentive program provider in Bethel Park, Pa. "They go with the status quo and don't even know that new plans are being offered."
Ditch the apathy, and get engaged. Otherwise you could get stuck for a year with a plan that doesn't fit your needs.
Follow these 5 tips:
Compare the out-of-pocket costs of each plan your employer offers. Those costs include:
Think about how often you go to the doctor, which drugs you take and what services you might need next year, and compare the costs of each plan, says Carol Taylor, director of compliance and government affairs for Beacon Benefit Consulting in Jacksonville and Orlando, Fla. Many health insurers offer online tools to help you compare costs of health plans and treatments.
Don't get scared off by high-deductible plans. By the time you factor in all the other costs, including your portion of the premium and co-payments for other plans, a high-deductible plan might be least expensive overall, Taylor says. (See: "Pros and cons of catastrophic health insurance.")
Drill deeper than the brief summary of what's covered. Ask for a list of exclusions and limitations, says Ginny Sparks, a registered health underwriter and owner of Your Insurance Solution LLC in Scottsdale, Ariz.
"If something is excluded you want to find out well ahead of the 11th hour," she adds.
Think about your needs, and see how those services are covered. Are the drugs you take included in the health plan's formulary, the list of preferred drugs for coverage? The right plan for a coworker might not be the right one for you. (See: "Accidental death and dismemberment: The grisly details count.")
"It comes down to your situation," Jesserer says.
Make sure your physicians are in the health plan's network, especially if you're undergoing treatment for a serious or chronic condition.
With a preferred provider organization (PPO) plan, you pay more out of pocket to see providers outside the network than inside the network. With a health maintenance organization (HMO), services provided outside the network generally are not covered, except in special circumstances. (See: "What is the difference between HMO and PPO health insurance?")
"Every carrier administers benefits differently," Jesserer says.
What are the certification requirements to access services you might need? How many visits for certain services, such as physical therapy, are allowed?
Ask the folks who do billing at your doctor's office about which carriers are easiest to work with, Jesserer says. They know insurers' reputations for payment better than just about anybody.
Many employers offer some type of account for medical expenses. Understand how they work.
Confused about your health plan choices? Talk to a representative of your employer's human resources department or the insurers offering the plans. Unfortunately, most people do more research before buying a TV than choosing health benefits, Sparks says.
"Go in with your eyes open and make sure you choose a plan that would be right for you," she says.
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