If you're a young adult about to buy a policy in your own name for the first time -- rather than staying under Mom or Dad's wing -- you will be considered a greater risk and pay proportionately more. Car insurance for young adults and teens can be complex, so use our guide before making any decisions. But why is car insurance more for young drivers?
- Statistically, you are many more times likely to have an accident than a driver over 25 is.
- You don't have a credit record. Insurance companies say folks with a bad or no credit history tend to file more claims.
- You're not a homeowner. You're not married. You're not a college graduate (yet). A lot of the discounts available in a few years just aren't in the cards right now.
- You're losing the multi-car discount. The cost of adding you and a car to a parent's policy was probably offset somewhat by a discount of 10 to 25 percent for insuring more than one car.
- Some insurers don't want to insure you. Many won't touch drivers under age 25 -- but many others will.
The good news is that if you are graduating off a parental policy:
- You're considered previously insured. That's a plus that will greatly lower what you pay.
- You may have a couple of years of experience under your belt, which means the very worst of the age penalty is behind you.
- Your previous good driving record applies toward a good driver discount. Most companies require at least three years of accident-free driving for this break of 10 to 25 percent.
- Depending on the insurer, your previous coverage may qualify you for legacy discounts -- for insuring with the same company your parents did -- or transfer discounts, given to previously insured drivers who buy a new policy at a different company.
Here's what to think about as you search for cheap car insurance.
Decide how much insurance you need
How much insurance you need depends on a lot of factors including how much you owe and own, how much your assets are worth, whether you have dependents, and how much out-of-pocket cost you could afford to bear. You can estimate your coverage needs using our auto insurance coverage calculator.
- At a minimum you need state-required liability insurance to drive legally.
- Buy additional liability insurance if you have savings or a house that could be a target in a lawsuit if you are at fault in an accident. Anything insurance doesn't pay, you do.
- Buy comprehensive and collision if you owe money on your vehicle or if you could not easily replace it.
In many states the state minimum liability insurance required to drive is not enough to pay for serious injuries or to replace newer cars. It is only enough to drive legally. Buy the minimum only if you have an old car and no savings or home to shield from lawsuits, or, if bare-bones coverage is really all you can afford.
The Insurance Information Institute (III) and other insurance industry experts recommend motorists carry bodily injury liability coverage of $100,000 per person and $300,000 per accident (referred to as 100/300 coverage). For property damage liability coverage, $50,000 or above is suggested.
To give you an idea of what you can expect to pay, here are average annual rates by age for five different coverage levels.
|Liability Only - State Minimum Bodily Injury (BI)/Property Damage (PD)||$1,638||$1,082||$953||$761||$693||$642||$607||$530||$485|
|Liability Only - 50/100/50 BI/PD||$1,788||$1,193||$1,049||$839||$760||$703||$664||$577||$526|
|Full Coverage - 100/300/100 BI/PD - $1,000 Comp/Collision deductible||$3,628||$2,526||$2,261||$1,830||$1,672||$1,548||$1,463||$1,263||$1,137|
|Full Coverage - 100/300/100 BI/PD - $500 Comp/Collision deductible||$4,055||$2,842||$2,549||$2,063||$1,883||$1,743||$1,648||$1,418||$1,272|
|Full Coverage - 100/300/100 BI/PD - $250 Comp/Collision deductible||$4,411||$3,102||$2,787||$2,255||$2,060||$1,906||$1,803||$1,548||$1,386|
*Insurance.com commissioned Quadrant Information Services to run auto insurance rates for a 2015 Honda Accord LX for 10 ZIP codes in each state using six large carriers -- Allstate, Farmers, GEICO, Nationwide, Progressive and State Farm.
No matter what type of insurance you're buying, the process is essentially the same. Once you've decided what type of insurance and how much coverage you need, you can begin to compare car insurance quotes online, directly by phone, or through an insurance agent or broker.
Get quotes from several different insurers because premium cost can vary widely, often by thousands of dollars if you are very young.
But compare the coverage offered, too. A policy might cost less because it offers fewer, or different, features and benefits. And make sure the company you've settled on is reputable, with good customer service and claims-paying ability. All insurance companies are rated by major rating agencies (e.g. Standard & Poor's, Moody's, A.M. Best) on their ability to pay claims. You can access these ratings online, through public libraries, or through car insurance company literature.
Understand what you're buying
An insurance policy is a legal contract that may be loaded with technical terms that are hard to understand. But read it anyway before you sign on the dotted line to find out about the coverage you're buying. For instance, the policy will tell you:
- Who or what is covered
- What coverage exclusions and limitations apply
- When coverage begins and ends
- How much coverage is provided
- How much you'll pay for coverage (the premium)
- How you report a loss or file a claim
It's always a good idea to ask an insurance professional to explain the types of car insurance and any terms, conditions, or benefits that you don't understand. Even as you look for ways to save money, make sure you understand what coverages you might have given up. If you're a young driver, look into car insurance for teens to get the best rates possible.
Evaluate your insurance needs periodically
As your life changes, your insurance needs change, too. So every once in a while (annually, some experts suggest), review your insurance to see if you need more (or less) coverage or an additional type of coverage. Here are some times in your life when you'll definitely want to re-evaluate your insurance needs:
- You're getting married or divorced
- You're starting a family
- You're renting an apartment
- You're buying a house or a car, or making a major purchase
- Your child is going off to college
- You're starting a new job or becoming self-employed
- You're buying or selling a business
- Your income increases or decreases substantially
- You're taking care of an aging parent
- You're retiring
Make your insurance policies work for you by taking the time to periodically review your needs and coverages. (See "When does car insurance go down?")
Time and a clean record work wonders
Insurance.com compared rates for Mike in Vancouver, Washington, starting at age 18 with a paid-off car and liability insurance only, through college graduation and a new car with full coverage, all the way to age 30. We’re assuming Mike was previously insured on a parent's policy, stays single and rents the whole time, keeps a clean record and comparison-shops every year to find the best deal – in this 13-year-span, the lowest rate came from three different carriers.
Age and annual rate (changes in vehicle, coverage, driver profile)
- 18: $2,928 (8-year-old Honda Accord LX, owned, 50/100 liability only, student)
- 19: $2,414
- 20: $1,716
- 21: $1,692
- 22: $1,464 (College graduate and commutes 12 miles each way to work)
- 23: $1,296
- 24: $1,224
- 25: $1,116
- 26: $1,488 (New Honda Accord LX, financed with $500 deductibles on comprehensive and collision)
- 27: $1,392 (1-year-old car)
- 28: $1,332 (2-year-old car)
- 29: $1,284 (3-year-old car)
- 30: $1,248 (4-year-old car)