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With no at-fault driver to pay the bills, you must rely on your own insurance after a hit-and-run accident. Get state wise information on how much car insurance rates rise after a hit-and-run conviction.

KEY TAKEAWAYS
  • After any hit and run or any other type of auto accident, report the incident to police and to your insurer immediately.
  • If you're the victim of a hit and run, it's important to consult your insurer. You may be covered depending on what type of coverage you have.
  • If you're the victim of a hit-and-run accident and you file a claim, there's no need to fear that your rates will increase if it is reported.

What to do after a hit and run

hit and run insuranceEven though you won't have the name of the driver who caused the wreck, you should collect whatever information is available. You also should try to remember whatever details you can.

Just as with any other type of auto accident, immediately report the incident to police and to your insurance company, says Carrie Bonney, a spokeswoman for Farmers Insurance.

You should also:

  • Try to record a description of the other vehicle and its driver.
  • Write down the details of what occurred. Make note of which direction the other vehicle headed after causing the wreck.
  • Get the names and contact information for any witnesses.
  • Get the names and badge numbers of the police officers who responded.
  • Take photos of the accident scene and the vehicles involved, as well as any other property damage.
  • Contact the business or organization nearest the accident scene and inquire about any available surveillance camera footage.

What's a 'miss and run'?

An accident is considered a “miss and run,” or is said to be caused by a "phantom driver," when one vehicle causes another one to crash and then leaves the scene, Bonney says.

There doesn't even have to be contact between the two vehicles for the accident to occur. For example, another vehicle could suddenly swerve into your lane. If you then swerve to avoid the first car and crash, it's a miss and run.

Both miss and runs and hit and runs can have the same repercussions -- an injured person, damaged vehicle or damaged property -- and there is no at-fault driver who can be held responsible for the accident.

Will a hit-and-run claim raise my insurance rates?

There's no set answer as to what kind of things will cause your auto insurance rates to increase, since rates vary based on state laws and an insurer’s own internal guidelines.

However, if you're the victim of a hit-and-run accident and file a claim, chances are your rates won't increase. Typically, a single not-at-fault collision or uninsured motorist bodily injury claim is unlikely to raise your car insurance, Gusner says.

But if it’s one of multiple claims during the company’s look-back period, usually three years, it could contribute to a rate increase.

You should ask your insurance company to note the claim as “not at fault.”

What happens if I hit a parked car and run? Or if I hit a moving car?

Leaving the scene of an accident is against the law. Every state requires that drivers stop after an accident to exchange information or render aid if needed.

That applies even in parking lots. Security cameras and eyewitnesses lead to more arrests than you might guess. If you're caught, expect to pay for both the damage to the other person’s car and for the crime of leaving the scene.

A hit and run may be a misdemeanor or a felony. It’s more likely to be a felony if someone has been injured. Criminal penalties can include fines as much as $20,000 and up to 15 years in prison. Even as a misdemeanor, you could face significant fines and up to a year in jail.

There are administrative penalties as well. In New Jersey, for example, leaving the scene of a property-damage accident is 2 points on your motor vehicle record; if there’s an injury, the penalty is 8 points.

A conviction for leaving the scene may trigger an SR-22 requirement in many states as well.

If you're convicted of a hit-and-run accident, your car insurance rates are likely to go up by 87%, on average, but could increase by much more, depending on what state you live in, among other factors. You'll see in the table below how much car insurance rates rise after a hit-and-run conviction.

State Average rate Hit-and-run Percent increase
North Carolina$1,170$5,508371%
Hawaii$1,255$5,340325%
Michigan$2,368$7,535218%
California$1,783$4,942177%
Arizona$1,399$3,555154%
Minnesota$1,339$2,691101%
Illinois$1,176$2,20788%
New Mexico$1,498$2,78786%
Alabama$1,304$2,42486%
Georgia$1,815$3,36685%
Delaware$1,838$3,40385%
New Jersey$1,419$2,61184%
Nebraska$1,287$2,35783%
West Virginia$1,467$2,68183%
Pennsylvania$1,438$2,61982%
Iowa$1,073$1,93580%
Colorado$1,675$3,02080%
New Hampshire$1,156$2,08080%
North Dakota$1,123$2,00579%
Rhode Island$2,011$3,57178%
Tennessee$1,339$2,37778%
Idaho$1,019$1,80377%
South Dakota$1,250$2,20877%
Oregon$1,325$2,31074%
Missouri$1,288$2,23473%
Arkansas$1,556$2,69873%
Ohio$959$1,66273%
Connecticut$1,980$3,41973%
Texas$1,644$2,83472%
Wyoming$1,577$2,70371%
Kentucky$1,611$2,72069%
Kansas$1,412$2,36768%
Virginia$993$1,64966%
Florida$2,250$3,72566%
South Carolina$1,353$2,22665%
Montana$1,589$2,60364%
Mississippi$1,504$2,45863%
Utah$1,212$1,97963%
Alaska$1,246$1,99660%
Wisconsin$1,147$1,82459%
Oklahoma$1,469$2,30957%
Washington$1,307$2,04256%
Nevada$1,578$2,46456%
New York$1,214$1,89156%
Maine$884$1,35954%
DC$1,887$2,86352%
Louisiana$2,228$3,37952%
Indiana$1,057$1,59451%
Vermont$1,166$1,75250%
Massachusetts$1,616$2,31543%
Maryland$1,541$2,05033%

Source: Insurance.com commissioned Quadrant Information Services to field insurance rates from up to six major insurers in 10 ZIP codes in each state for male, age 40 driving 2017 Honda Accord. Base rate is for full coverage.

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